What is ABA Therapy?

THE GOLD STANDARD – ABA Therapy

ABA Therapy is the gold standard for autism treatment, especially when combined with other treatments such as speech therapy and occupational therapy. It is most often provided intensively for 10-40 hours per week with a 1:1 therapist to child ratio. It decreases behavioral problems and barriers to learning by systematically applying behavioral principles to everyday situations and skills, that will decrease targeted behaviors or increase replacement behaviors. ABA therapy also teaches new skills, such as speech, language, increased attention and sitting behavior, self-help skills, social skills.

K1ds Count Therapy’s ABA therapy programs are designed to serve the needs of children in the Indianapolis, Brownsburg, and Crawfordsville areas.

MOTIVATION IS KEY

Motivation is key for a child to learn. ABA Therapy will begin by pairing the child’s therapists and learning with fun.  The ABA Therapy team takes time to learn about each child and his or her interests and incorporates those into therapy. This pairing process is important for a child to reach his or her maximum potential and is a focus throughout the duration of therapy.

DATA

ABA Therapy uses objective data to drive decision-making about a child’s program. Data is taken throughout the entire day of therapy on frequency of behaviors to be reduced, variables surrounding barriers to learning, and support needed for new skills. The data is often represented on a graph in order to provide the ABA therapists and parents a visual of progress over a period of time. Intervention is then adapted when needed based on conclusions from collected data on each behavior or skill.

WHAT SKILLS ARE ADDRESSED?

Any socially significant skill or behavior may be addressed through ABA Therapy principles. Socially significant behaviors include communication, speech and language skills, social skills, academics, adaptive living skills, gross and fine motor skills, toileting, dressing, eating, personal self-care, domestic skills, and work skills.

HOW MUCH ABA Therapy DOES MY CHILD NEED?

The intensity of ABA Therapy services depends on the needs of the child. Research supports, at a minimum, 20 hours per week of intensive behavioral intervention for young children diagnosed with autism for 12 months per year. The maximum amount of ABA therapy per week is typically 40 hours per week.

THE ROLE OF THE PARENT

No one knows a child better than the parent. The BCBA first interviews the parent during the evaluation to help gain a baseline of the child’s present skills. This is an important part of developing an ABA Therapy treatment plan. The parent then meets with the ABA therapist daily and attends monthly meetings to discuss progress. It is very important for the parent to carry over all strategies and skills to the natural environment for learning to occur in all settings.

WHAT ASSESSMENT TOOLS ARE USED?

The assessment combines the use of ABA therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy assessments. These include the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP), Essential for Living (EFL), Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS), Pervasive Developmental Disorder Behavior Inventory (PDD-BI), Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills (ABLLS), Oral and Written Language Scales (OWLS-II), Preschool Language Scale (PLS), Sensory Profile, as well as others. The parent or caregiver interview is also an important part of all assessments.

INTERVENTION

K1ds Count Therapy uses a variety of research based interventions in ABA therapy, such as discrete trial training (DTT), Natural environment training (NET), Functional Communication Training (FCT), Functional Analysis (FA), Incidental Teaching (IT), the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP), Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) training, and Language Acquisition through Motor Planning (LAMP). Other strategies include the use of sensory integration, visual schedules, social stories, video modeling, and more…

FUNDING

K1ds Count Therapy is a Medicaid provider and also accepts a variety of commercial insurance plans. Due to the autism mandate in Indiana, some insurance providers cover intensive ABA therapy services. We work with families every step of the way to ensure proper coverage of ABA therapy by introducing you to the correct plans and helping you to secure other supplemental funding sources.